Traumatic brain injury means an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech. The term does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or to brain injuries induced by birth trauma.

Links to Your Life

A brain injury is a disability that is caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Children with brain injuries may find that things that were easy before have become more difficult. The lingering effects of a brain injury can vary from problems with concentration, attentiveness, and memory to physical problems with speech and movement.

National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities: Traumatic Brain Injury


Brain Injury Association of America

The Brain Injury Association is dedicated to increasing access to quality health care and raising awareness and understanding of brain injury through advocacy, education and research. Their site includes the latest brain injury news, a section on living with brain injury as well as relevant products and links.