Traumatic brain injury means an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech. The term does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or to brain injuries induced by birth trauma.

Links to Your Life

A brain injury is a disability that is caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Children with brain injuries may find that things that were easy before have become more difficult. The lingering effects of a brain injury can vary from problems with concentration, attentiveness, and memory to physical problems with speech and movement.

National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities: Traumatic Brain Injury


Brain Injury Association of America

The Brain Injury Association is dedicated to increasing access to quality health care and raising awareness and understanding of brain injury through advocacy, education and research. Their site includes the latest brain injury news, a section on living with brain injury as well as relevant products and links.

Brain Injury Association of Maryland

The Brain Injury Association of Maryland is a group of individuals and organizations dedicated to improving the lives and futures of Marylanders affected by brain injury. Members strive to create a better future for the brain injured community through their efforts to serve as a premier source of information, education, advocacy, and hope.

National Resource Center for Traumatic Brain Injury (NRC TBI)

The mission of the National Resource Center for Traumatic Brain Injury is to provide relevant, practical information for professionals, persons with brain injury, and family members. Along with articles, resources and links, the site contains a very informative column where emailed questions are answered.


Click here to learn about effective strategies to support children and youth with a traumatic brain injury.