Key Words for Educators
Traumatic Brain Injury … According to IDEA
- An acquired – not congenital or degenerative – injury to the brain caused by extreme force
- Results in a functional disability and/or psychosocial impairment that negatively impacts a student’s educational performance
What are some effective strategies for working with children who have a traumatic brain injury?
- Keep classroom routines consistent
- Offer students multiple ways to learn new skills and information
- Allow extra time to practice new skills and to finish tasks
- Communicate with families and other professionals to share information and strategies
- Reduce distractions to help students focus
View a Video
In Their Shoes
Traumatic brain injuries show a variety of symptoms and effects, ranging from mild to profound, depending upon each individual’s injuries. Author and advocate Kimberly Caernevale writes of lifelong effects of a brain injury experienced in tasks from the mundane to the critical, and she shares how she copes with them as a mother, spouse, and a professional. Click here to listen to her story.
Play it Safe
Did you know that nearly 1.7 million Americans suffer a traumatic brain injury each year? And of that, nearly 75% are attributed to a concussion. Did you know that nearly 1/3 of ER visits for traumatic brain injuries are for children 0-14, with the majority related to concussive impacts? Again, under age 21, you are most likely to suffer a traumatic brain injury if you are between 0-4 or 15-19. Concussions are the major source of injury.
We may not think of concussions as brain injuries, but they are, and multiple studies have shown the severe negative impacts of concussion, particularly when recurring. Just look at the NFL’s recent legal settlement. These effects are magnified when occurring in young, developing brains.
So what can you to minimize your child’s risks?
- Ensure they wear a helmet and proper protective head gear for all contact sports, including hard helmets non-defensive players in baseball.
- Everyone should wear a helmet for all recreational activities with high-rates of speed and potential head impact such as: bicycling, sledding, ice skating, skiing/snowboarding, rock climbing, horseback riding, etc.
- If you suspect a concussion, seek medical attention immediately. Don’t be afraid to bench your child even if a coach or trainer says he or she can return to a game.
- Everyone should wear a seat belt and use a car/booster seat as appropriate based on the guidelines for a child’s age, height, and weight.
- Model good safety habits – wear helmets and practice safe behaviors at all times.
Click here to check out the Mayo Clinic for more information on signs of concussion.
Keep Them Safe
Learn more ways to keep you and your children safe from brain injuries at the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Click here to view information from the Center for Disease Control.
by The Johns Hopkins University School of Education Center for Technology in Education