Orthopedic impairment means a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by a congenital anomaly, such as clubfoot, impairments caused by disease (e.g., poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis), and impairments from other causes (e.g., cerebral palsy, amputations, and fractures or burns that cause contractures).

Links to Your Life

An orthopedic impairment is severe enough to make it difficult for a child to learn without assistance. The impairments can be the result of a disease or from other causes. Children with orthopedic impairments may need need physical accommodations or assistive technology to assist them in performing everyday tasks.

Orthopedic Impairment


Children’s Hemiplegia and Stroke Association

Hemi-Kids is an email discussion group where parents of infants and children who have mild to moderate hemiplegia or hemiplegic cerebral palsy – a paralysis of one side of the body resulting from disease or injury to the motor centers of the brain – share information. The site includes pictures, personal stories and information.

Spina Bifida Association (SBA)

The Spina Bifida Association serves adults and children who live with the challenges of Spina Bifida. The site includes a resource center with expert answers to user questions as well as articles, a latex list and a marketplace where Spina Bifida products can be purchased.


Click here to learn about effective strategies to support children and youth with orthopedic impairments.