These resources provide information on culturally and linguistically responsive practices, as well as ways to support children who are dual language learners and their families:

National Center on Cultural and Linguistic Responsiveness

Important to Know: Dual Language Learner Facts, Figures, and Findings

The Importance of Home Language Series
This series of handouts provides basic information on topics related to children learning two or more languages. The handouts emphasize the benefits of being bilingual, the importance of maintaining home language, and the value of becoming fully bilingual.

Code Switching: Why It Matters and How to Respond
Young children who are dual language learners (DLLs) often code switch or mix different languages in the same sentence while speaking. It is important that teachers, home visitors, and others who work with these children understand what code switching is, the role it plays in language development, and how to respond to it. This workbook defines and describes code switching, identifies who code switches, and explains why code switching matters. It also includes examples of how adults can provide strong language models for children when they code switch. It can be used as a professional development tool for individuals or in group training activities.

Gathering and Using Information That Families Share
To support the learning and development of young Dual Language Learners, staff need to understand the children’s backgrounds and experiences with more than one language or dialect. This resource can help you learn to gather accurate and useful language information for assessment and planning.

Same, Different, and Diverse
Dual Language Learners are a diverse group with different languages, experiences, strengths, and gifts. This resource outlines the language similarities among all children. It also points outs the differences between children learning two or more languages and those learning one language.